Kon-Tiki Museum is a museum that tells about the adventurer Thor Heyardahl and his expeditions. Thor Heyerdahl wanted to prove that it was possible to cross the Pacific Ocean with a fleet.
Thor Heyerdahl (1914 - 2002) was curious about nature from a young age and studied biology and geography at the University of Oslo. When he was 22 years old, he married Liv on Christmas Eve. They traveled to Tahiti to study how the animals were able to inhabit the islands there. After they got home, he changed his field of study to discover how primitive seafarers were able to cross the ocean and moved Forward to British Columbia.
The museum tells about his expeditions and has both Norwegian and egelsk content. The museum also targets children.
Kon-Tiki is a raft of balsa wood, hemp, bamboo, banana leaves and a few pine planks. The journey started in Lima, Peru with a hope of reaching Polynesia, to prove that the islands´ population may have come out on the Pacific Ocean using rafts.
The crew of 6 people reached a coral reef at Raroia, Polynesia having covered nearly 8,000 km in 101 days. The original fleet are on display at the museum.
The expedition has been filmed twice. First released by Thor Heyerdahl in 1951 (oscar for best documentary) and again by Joachim Rønning and Espen Sandberg in 2012 (oscar nominated). The movie Thor Heyerdahl appear every day at 12pm in the museum's cinema.
Ra and Ra II
Ra expedition purpose was to prove that one could travel across the Atlantic Ocean at approximately the same way as they do with Kon-Tiki. The crew of 7 people was put together of different nationalities and religion to prove that they could cooperate in spite of this.
Ra was built of papyrus which is a grass that grows along rivers in Africa. Heyerdahl was inspired by old Egyptian images when he and boat builders from Lake Chad collaborated to build the raft. The raft was named after the Egyptian sun god Ra.
The raft set out from Safi, Morocco, but had to cancel the expedition after 5000 km because the stern was under water, and a storm hit them.
After the failed expedition "Ra", Heyerdahl decided to make another attempt. Ra II was built and Heyerdahl (with almost the same crew) traveled from Sofi in Morocco again. This time, they should also take systematic water samples that later led to the discharge of waste oil were banned from tankers.
Having traversed 6100 km in 57 days, they reached Barbados Islands. Heyerdahl believed thereby to have evidence that America may have been discovered before Columbus's time. The original Ra II is on display at the museum.
Easter Island is 1800 km from the nearest inhabited place and the entire 3600 km from South America's mainland. The island was settled around the year 1000 after Christ. European sailors reached the island for the first time 1. Easter Sunday 1722.
In 1955, Heyerdahl led an expedition to the island to dig up stone platforms, dwellings, caves and stone statues. At the museum you can see an exhibition of some findings.