It´s Easter, and many Norwegians traveling to the mountains. According yr.no, the weather can be very varied and you should think about if you are going to walk long distances in the mountains.. The mountain weather can turn very quickly and it can be nearly impossible to navigate. The mountain code helps you to plan a safe trip.
Mountain code was published by Red Cross and Tourism Association in 1952, on the basis of a number of accidents in the mountains. This year the mountain code is republished to fit our modern outdoor recreation. Use the rules to move safely in the Norwegian mountains, and you will have an unforgettable trip!
#1 - Plan your trip and inform where you go.
- Plan your trip for the group´s abilities, and always have several options.
- Be sure to have information about the area and the circumstances in which you should walk. Listen to experienced mountaineers.
- Be sure to have the knowledge and skills required for your trip.
- Pay attention to nature. With a little planning, you will help to not litter the countryside.
- Make appointments without the need for mobile coverage and precise time.
#2 - Customize your trip according to ability and conditions.
- Make ongoing assessments of the conditions and adjust your plans accordingly.
- Always respect the weather!
- Being on tour along with other increased safety, and someone to share experiences with. Are you traveling alone, be extra cautious.
- Do not walk long distances without experience, you must be able to take care of yourself and others in the group.
- Be considerate of other hikers. Know all man rights and obligations provided.
- Make sure your tour group has a culture of open and direct communication.
#3 - Pay attention to weather and avalanche warnings.
- Always use weather and avalanche forecasts and read up on what it means for you in the area you will be boating.
- Take advantage of the advice related to the alert and choose safe terrain when conditions are demanding.
- Weather forecast: yr.no and storm.no (norwegian only).
- Avalanche warning: varsom.no
#4 - Be prepared for bad weather and frost, even on short trips.
- Dress for the weather and conditions.
- Remember that weather changes quickly in the mountains. Bring both extra clothes, and the necessary equipment.
- Extra food and drink can help both you and others, if you are taking more time than planned or have to wait for help.
#5 - Bring the necessary equipment to help yourself and others.
- In winter trip, you may need wind bag, underlay, sleeping bags and a shovel to clear up a night out. Wind bag can save lives.
- Bring something that makes you visible, such as a reflective vest or headlamp, which lets you more easily found if the worst happens.
- Bring a first aid kit. It allows you to help yourself and others.
- Always use transmitter / receiver, and having a probe pole and shovel if you are traveling in avalanche prone terrain.
- Pack smart!
- Mobile phones can be a useful tool, but remember that many areas without mobile coverage in the mountains.
- If an accident occurs, alert the police on 112, go for help or try to notify otherwise.
#6 - Take safe paths. Recognize avalanche terrain and unsafe ice.
- Conscious and good decisions of the route is the most important to avoid landslides.
- Know that landslides may loosen on slopes greater than five meters, and steeper than 30 degrees.
- Although it is flat where you are, you can trigger landslides in the mountain over you.
- Et skred kan gå tre ganger langt, som høyden på henget det utløses fra.
- Avoid terrain traps, such as narrow gorges. Think about what happens if it triggered an avalanche.
- Be aware of danger by going on the edge of a snowdrift, if you go on a mountain ridge.
- Be aware of ice conditions when you go on regulated water, and the inlet and outlet areas.
#7 - Use a map and compass. Always know where you are.
- Use a map and compass, it always works.
- Follow the map also when you walk on marked route.
- The scenery becomes richer if one included on the map along the way.
- GPS and other electronic aids are helpful, but be sure to bring extra power.
#8 - Turn back in time, there is no disgrace.
- Reconsider plan continuously and choose plan B long before you become exhausted.
- Have circumstances changed? Should you turn?
- Has anyone in the group difficult to complete the trip? Should the group turn around?
#9 - Conserve energy and seek shelter if necessary.
- Adjust your speed to the weakest in the group, and make sure everyone in the group is gathered.
- Remember to eat and drink frequently. When you exert yourself, your body needs more fluids than you feel the need.
- Do not wait until you are exhausted to seek shelter. You tire very quickly if the wind is strong.
- Use wind-bag, or dig into the snow in time.
Mountain code is copied and translated from the Tourist Association´s website: Ut.no/fjellvettreglene.